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Throughout the Ottoman Empire, a key objective of education was to raise 'great Muslims'. Hence there was a requirement for Islamic scholars, which was sustained through Islamic Theology Schools, called Madrasa.In 1913, the Medresetü-l Eimmeti vel Hutaba (School of ministers and preachers Medresetü-l Vaazin were combined to form the tangible origins these days's Imam Hatip high schools
In 1924, the Tevhid-i Tedrisat (Law of Unification of Educational Direction was passed, changing the existing, mostly sectarian educational system with a secular, centralist and nationalist education one. The new law brought all universities under the control of the Ministry of National Education. A Faculty of Faith at the Darülfünun (Istanbul University), unique schools for training imams and hatips (ministers and preachers) were opened by the new Ministry of National Education. However, in 1930 İmam Hatip schools were closed and 1933 the Faculty of Divinity was eliminated.
In contrast to the specifically secularist nature of the education policy of the Republican People's Celebration (CHP) religious education was restored in 1948. This consisted of the establishment of a Professors of Faith at the University of Ankara in 1949. Initial steps for the facility of Imam Hatip schools started in 1951 under the Democrat Celebration federal government, which set up 7 unique secondary schools (Imam Hatip Okulları). In addition, in 1959 Islamic Institutes were opened for graduates of Imam Hatip schools.
Following the coup d'etat in 1960, Imam Hatip schools came across the threat of closure. Following the return to civilian politics and the introduction of the new constitution in 1961, graduates of Imam Hatip schools could only register in university programmes if they had actually passed courses offered at nonreligious schools. Throughout the premiership of Süleyman Demirel nevertheless, graduates of Imam Hatip schools were admitted to university without such requirements. The 1971 Turkish coup d'état introduced two key reforms: to start with junior high Imam Hatip schools were abolished, and in 1973 Imam Hatip schools were relabelled as Imam Hatip high schools. Under the subsequent National Education Basic Law, Imam Hatip schools were specified as employment schools, where trainees were to be trained as preachers and ministers or gotten ready for greater education.
Imam Hatip schools grew slowly at first, but their numbers broadened quickly to 334 during the 1970s. The coalition federal government of 1974, established by the CHP and the MSP (National Redemption Celebration), dedicated to resume junior high schools and giving the right of entry to university through evaluation. 230 brand-new Imam Hatip high schools were opened in a period of almost 4 years. During the 1974-75 academic year the variety of students attending to the Imam Hatip high schools grew to 48,895. This number consequently grew to 200,300 by 1980-81. In addition, women got the right of entry to Imam Hatip high schools in 1976. The expansion of Imam Hatip high schools is often cited as the impact of the National Redemption Party's membership of a number of unions with Nationalist Front governments.
Scenario given that 1980
The coup d'etat of September 12, 1980 is a crucial turning point in the history of Turkey and also for the history of İmam-Hatip high schools. Under military governance, graduates of Imam Hatip high schools gained the right of entry to all university departments. In 1985, two brand-new Imam Hatip high schools opened, one in Tunceli, despite of the so-called ethnic structure of the area, and the other in Beykoz as an Anatolian Imam Hatip High School, with the objective of adding to the education of children of households who work abroad. Although the number of Imam Hatip high schools had not increased since, the variety of trainees attending Imam Hatip high schools has actually increased by 45%. This is partially due to the improvement in the quality of Imam Hatip high schools and the education provided at such schools.
During the education year of 1973-74, the total variety of Imam Hatip students was 34,570; in 1997 this number had sharply increased to reach 511,502. Together with this massive boost in popularity, the variety of schools also increased. The number of Imam Hatip junior high schools reached 601 and senior high schools 402. The boost in both trainee and school numbers can be attributed to elements consisting of the dedication of people to faith, dorm facilities, scholarships, the admittance of females and an increase in need for religious education.
Research study recommends that in between the years of 1993 and 2000, potential trainees signed up at Imam Hatip high schools mostly to get spiritual tutoring alongside a more general education.In addition, research shows enrolment at Imam Hatip high schools was based entirely on the trainee's choice. The 3rd proposed factor in the rise click here in popularity of Imam Hatip schools is the admission of female students in 1976. By 1998, almost 100,000 women participated in Imam Hatip high schools, making up practically half of all students. This figure is particularly revealing because women are not qualified to end up being either priests or ministers.
However, the introduction of eight years of compulsory education in 1997 has seen an abrupt decline in the popularity of Imam Hatip schools. In 1999, the reclassification of Imam Hatip schools as "employment schools" implied that, although more choices had actually been provided to graduates, achieving places at prestigious university courses became more difficult.By needing that all eight required years of education be spent under the very same primary-school roofing, intermediate schools were eliminated. Children could not get in trade schools (one of them the Imam Hatip school) till the ninth grade (instead of the sixth, as before).